Quantum Computing and Shor’s Algorithm

Quantum Computers allow new types of probabilistic algorithms to be developed that can solve complicated problems much more quickly, on average, than the classical techniques.

About 4 years ago I wrote about Shor’s Algorithm, which can be used to factorise numbers, for my A-Level coursework. I’m posting an adaptation of it here for anybody interested. It is definitely a much better introduction to the algorithm than any of the sources I used to research it!

There is also a little bit about Quantum Mechanics and possible ways of actually making a Quantum Computer, although the descriptions are neither very accurate nor in depth. It isn’t really the point of it though, it is just there to make it stand-alone.

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